The Bombing

I have often wondered – why did the Americans drop bombs on Hiroshima & Nagasaki, and not on Tokyo itself?
Because Tokyo was better defended, because they wanted the leadership to be alive to ensure a quick surrender or was there some other reason? Another plausible reason that comes to mind (haven’t checked) is that these two cities might have been the industrial heart of Imperial Japan while Tokyo was only a political centre. Can anyone confirm the actual reason?

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